Outdated curricula puts the future of graduates on scale
The importance of higher education in the country in no way should be under minded. The state universities have important role to play as agent of intellectual development. Higher education in Cameroon is a catalyst to economic growth, poverty reduction and help to promote sustainable development. With the development challenges faced by the country, the state universities promote international cooperation and global competitiveness. Therefore orientating the studies from knowledge based to economic based. Many Cameroonians who have passed through the state universities will hardly attest to the fact that, the knowledge gained has enable them increase in their income or find a job
The importance of higher education in the socio-economic development of the country has been robbed in the mire as the state universities are plagued with challenges. The eight state universities (Buea, Dschang, Douala, Ngaoundere, University of Yaounde I, University of Yaounde II, Maroua and Bamenda) are facing problems of inadequate funding that is weakening the capacity of the universities to afford pedagogical equipments, modern functional libraries with computers, boards, books and journals. This does not only affects the quality of teaching and research but also put on the scale the quality of publications and competitiveness. Jones Ngwa pointed out
Again, the lack of finances have affected the ways research results are published in the state universities. The issue of inadequate staff in most of the universities has been a major problem that is playing negatively on the quality of education offered. The countries state universities today are facing the problem of relevance due to the use of outdated curricula which does not meet the demands and challenges of the immediate labour market of the century. Thanks to the out dated programs studied in the universities today, majority of the graduates have ended up unemployed.
With its roots from the traditional francophone African model, the state universities in Cameroon have pushed many to enroll in full degree courses program that has nothing to do with the development of their talents and skills or link to the labour market.
According to John Teboh, after many years of non-progress with the higher educational system of education, the government of Cameroon has introduced a new form of training in the state universities where students could be absorbed into the job market directly after graduation with acceptable skills needed in the society. In the year 2001, a law was passed at the National Assembly with regards to higher education in the country. Thus orientating the higher education to technological training projects, including key principles that private enterprise and public organs should work hand in gloves so as to organize training opportunities for students. The questions that some school of thoughts are asking are, What are changes introduced in the higher education and at what cost are some of the new programs to the students.
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